Correction of post-traumatic lower-limb discrepancy with Precice intramedullary lengthening nails: a review of 34 adults with an average follow-up of 2 years
Keywords:Bone, Intramedullary nails, Limb lengthening, Posttraumatic limb length discrepancy
Background and purpose: We report results and complications of gradual bone lengthening for post-traumatic lower-limb length discrepancy (LLD) with Precice intramedullary lengthening nails in 34 adults.
Patients and methods: Inclusion criteria were lower-limb lengthening using the Precice nail, posttraumatic etiology, age older than 18 years, and minimum follow-up of 12 months after implantation. 34 patients met the inclusion criteria. Radiological and clinical outcome data were collected.
Results: Precice lengthening was performed in the femur in 28 patients (21 antegrade, 7 retrograde) and in the tibia in 6. Mean patient age at time of surgery was 32 years (18–72). Mean preoperative LLD was 31 mm (20–71). Acute correction of axial or rotational malalignment was performed in 11 segments. At final follow-up (mean 2 years [1.1–3.6]), 33 of 34 nails had been removed. All lengthening sites were healed, and all patients mobilized with full weight-bearing. 14 adverse events occurred in 11 patients and were categorized as problems (n = 5), obstacles (n = 3), and complications (n = 6). Unplanned surgery was necessary in 7 patients, 3 of whom did not complete treatment with Precice.
Interpretation: Correction of posttraumatic LLD with or without axial malalignment using Precice intramedullary lengthening nails is associated with a low number of complications and good functional outcome. However, one-fifth of patients in this series needed further unplanned surgery for revision of obstacles or complications.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Christof Radler, Gabriel T Mindler, Alexandra Stauffer, Carina Weiß, Rudolf Ganger
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