Comparison of early migration patterns between a ceramic and polyethylene liner in uncemented Trabecular Titanium cups: a 2-year randomized controlled trial of 52 hips using radiostereometric analysis
Keywords:Cup, Implants, Osteoarthrosis, Radiostereometric analysis, RCT, RSA, Total hip arthroplasty
Background and purpose: Ceramic liners may reduce early stability of uncemented acetabular components due to higher stiffness. However, the bone ingrowth capacities of porous trabecular titanium might compensate for this effect. This prospective randomized trial quantifies migration patterns of the Delta-TT cup, and compares polyethylene and ceramic liners.
Patients and methods: Patients undergoing primary uncemented total hip arthroplasty with the Delta-TT cup and femoral stem with ceramic head were randomized to a polyethylene (n = 25) or ceramic (n = 28) liner. Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) radiographs, patient-reported hip function (HOOS-PS, OHS), and quality of life (EQ5D) were collected at baseline and 1.5, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Model-based RSA was used to calculate 3D cup translation and rotation, and mixed models were used to compare effects over time between groups.
Results: At 2 years follow-up, Delta-TT cups showed similar mean proximal translation of 0.56 mm (95% CI 0.38–0.75) in the ceramic (CE) group and 0.54 mm (0.30–0.77) in the polyethylene (PE) group, with a between group effect of 0.02 mm (–0.20–0.23). Most cup migration occurred in the first 1.5 to 3 months, stabilizing within 6 months. Any between-group effects were ≤ 0.30 mm for translation and ≤ 0.45° for rotation. Improvements in patient-reported hip function and quality of life were similar in both groups.
Interpretation: Regardless of liner type, Delta-TT cups showed some initial migration and stabilized within 6 months, which seems promising for long-term fixation in both cup-liner constructs.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Amanda D Klaassen, Elisabeth A Schäffer, Nienke W Willigenburg, Loes W A H van Beers, Vanessa A B Scholtes, Victor P M van der Hulst, Lennard A Koster, Bart L Kaptein, Dirk Jan F Moojen, Rudolf W Poolman
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