The STRYDE limb lengthening nail is susceptible to mechanically assisted crevice corrosion: an analysis of 23 retrieved implants
Background and purpose — We noted several adverse events in patients in whom the first version of the STRYDE limb-lengthening nail (NuVasive Specialized Orthopaedics, San Diego, CA) had been implanted. Pain, osteolysis, peri- osteal reactions, and cortical hypertrophy at the nail junc- tion were noted. Here, we present the analysis of 23 retrieved STRYDE implants.
Materials and methods — We undertook visual inspec- tion of the retrieved nails and screws, mechanical evaluation of the junction, micro-CT analyses, microscopic inspection of the bushing, screws, screw holes, and separated parts of the implants. Positive material identification (PMI) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to analyze the chemical composition. The hardness of the mate- rial was also investigated.
Results — 20/23 retrieved nails had visible signs of cor- rosion, i.e., discoloration at the telescopic junction. Micro- CT verified corrosion attacks in 12/12 scanned bushings. Corrosion, predominantly mechanically assisted crevice corrosion, was observed at the locking screws and screw holes in 20/23 nails. Biological material inside the nail was observed in addition to oozing from the junction of 2 nails during hardware removal, which was experimentally repro- ducible. Notably, the mechanical construction of the bushing changed from PRECICE P2 to STRYDE nails.
Interpretation — STRYDE nails are not hermetically sealed, and liquid can pass the bushing. Biodur 108 itself is corrosion resistant; however, mechanically assisted crev- ice corrosion of the bushing, locking screws, and screw holes may be aggravated due to manufacturing aiming for increased strength and hardness of the alloy.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Jan Duedal Rölfing, Morten Stendahl Jellesen, Trine Nybo Lomholt, Rikke Quist Hansen, Troels Mathiesen, Carsten Gundlach, Søren Kold, Tobias Nygaard, Mindaugas Mikuzis, Ulrik Kähler Olesen
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