Inducible displacement CT increases the diagnostic accuracy of aseptic loosening in primary total hip arthroplasty
Keywords:Arthroplasty, Hip, implant loosening, Implants, Radiological imaging, revision, stress
Background and purpose: Inducible displacement CT compares 2 CTs acquired in series but with alternated rotation of the femur. This provides visual and quantitative clues as to the mechanical situation, i.e., loosening, of a total hip arthroplasty. We report the accuracy of this method as well as the experience of integrating it into a clinical workflow.
Patients and methods: This was a retrospective single centre study of 72 cases of suspected aseptic loosening were the surgeon after reviewing a standard plain radiograph saw a need for more information. The displacement CT and plain radiograph were compared either to intraoperative findings or a 1–3 year follow up questionnaire for patients that did not have revision surgery. Patients reporting degradation in status since the time of the displacement CT were called for a follow up plain radiograph. Sensitivity and specificity were assessed, and user experience gathered.
Results: Of 72 enrolled patients 15 were lost to follow up. Of the remaining 57, 17 were judged by in-traoperative findings or follow-up to have had loose implants. For plain radiography the sensitivity and specificity were 59% (95% CI 35–82) and 85% (74–96). For displacement CT the corresponding values were 77% (56–97), and 100% (100–100) respectively. The tool was adaptable to clinical routine.
Conclusion: Displacement CT with alternated rotations of the femur is a viable option to improve the diagnostic process for identifying aseptic loosening in a total hip arthroplasty.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Olof Sandberg, Sofia Carlsson, Ellen Harbom, Vendela Cappelen, Simon Tholén, Henrik Olivecrona, Per Wretenberg
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