Development of an ischemic fracture healing model in mice
Keywords:Biomechanics, Blood vessels, Bone, Fractures
Background and purpose: In fracture healing, ischemia caused by vascular injuries, chronic vascular diseases, and metabolic comorbidities is one of the major risk factors for delayed union and non-union formation. To gain novel insights into the molecular and cellular pathology of ischemic fracture healing, appropriate animal models are needed. Murine models are of particular interest, as they allow to study the molecular aspects of fracture healing due to the availability of both a large number of murine antibodies and gene-targeted animals. Thus, we present the development of an ischemic fracture healing model in mice.
Material and methods: After inducing a mild ischemia by double ligature of the deep femoral artery in CD-1 mice, the ipsilateral femur was fractured by a 3-point bending device and stabilized by screw osteosynthesis. In control animals, the femur was fractured and stabilized without the induction of ischemia. The femora were analyzed at 2 and 5 weeks after fracture healing by means of radiology, biomechanics, histology, and histomorphometry.
Results: The surgically induced ischemia delayed and impaired the process of fracture healing. This was indicated by a lower Goldberg score, decreased bending stiffness, and reduced bone callus formation in the ischemic animals when compared with the controls.
Interpretation: We introduce a novel ischemic femoral fracture healing model in mice, which is characterized by delayed bone healing. In future, the use of this model may allow both the elucidation of the molecular aspects of ischemic fracture healing and the study of novel treatment strategies.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Maximilian M Menger, Janine Stutz, Sabrina Ehnert, Andreas K Nussler, Mika F Rollmann, Steven C Herath, Benedikt J Braun, Tim Pohlemann, Michael D Menger, Tina Histing
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for non-commercial purposes, provided proper attribution to the original work.