Polyethylene liner motion in dual-mobility hip prostheses: static and dynamic radiostereometry in 16 patients 1 year after operation
Keywords:Dual mobility, Dynamic radiostereometry, Hip osteoarthritis, Kinematics
Background and purpose: Dual-mobility hip arthroplasty utilizes a freely rotating polyethylene acetabular liner to protect against dislocation. As liner motion has not been confirmed in vivo, we undertook this using dynamic radiostereometry (RSA).
Patients and methods: 6 patients with Anatomical Dual Mobility acetabular components were included. Markers were implanted in the liners using a drill guide. Static RSA recordings and patient-reported outcome measures were obtained postoperatively and at 1-year follow-up. Dynamic RSA recordings were obtained at 1-year follow-up during passive hip movement: abduction/external rotation, adduction/internal rotation (modified FABER–FADIR), to end-range and at 45° hip flexion. Liner and neck movements were described as anteversion, inclination, and rotation.
Results: Liner movement during modified FABER–FADIR was detected in 12 of 16 patients. Median (range) absolute liner movements were: anteversion 10° (5–20), inclination 6° (2–12), and rotation 11° (5–48) relative to the cup. Median absolute change in the resulting liner/neck angle (small articulation) was 28° (12–46) and in liner/cup angle (larger articulation) was 6° (4–21). Static RSA showed changes in median liner anteversion from 7° (−12 to 23) postoperatively to 10° (−3 to 16) at 1-year follow-up and inclination from 42° (35–66) postoperatively to 59° (46–80) at 1-year follow-up. Liner/neck contact was associated with high initial liner anteversion (p = 0.01).
Interpretation: The polyethylene liner moves over time. 1 year after surgery the liner can move with or without liner/neck contact. The majority of movement is in the smaller articulation between head and liner.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Peter Bo Jørgensen, Bart L Kaptein, Kjeld Søballe, Stig S Jakobsen, Maiken Stilling
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